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In Service of People Since 1850
Laden-la Road, Darjeeling
West Bengal
Official Website of Darjeeling Municipality
INTRODUCTION

Darjeeling, a medium sized district town, is located at an elevation of 2123 metres from M.S.L. The beautiful hilly environment with small cottages and salubrious climatic condition christened the town with the title "the Queen of the Hill stations". Till date Darjeeling is probably the most important tourist resort of the eastern India.

GENESIS OF THE STUDY

Darjeeling Municipality has an area of 10.6 sq. km. With a core area of about 200 acres, where all the key activities, both social and administrative take place. The 1981 census records 57,603 persons in the municipal area which is now estimated at 60.402 plus a tourist population of 7,000 as against 20,000 for which the town was built.

LOCATION AND AREA

Darjeeling Municipal Town is located between 26' 31" and 27' 13" of North Latitude and between 87' 50" and 88' 53" East Longitude and elevation varying from 1981, 20 metres to 2286 metres above sea level. It is a ridge shaped like English letter 'Y' the base resting at Katapahar and Jalapahar while two arms diverge from the Mall, one dipping suddenly to the North West passes through the St. Joseph's College and finally ends in the valley near Tukver Tea Estate. In the beginning Darjeeling Municipality was to cover the entire area that was ceded by Rajah of Sikkim for Sanitorium. Now it covers an area of 10.60 sq. km.

TOPOGRAPHY

Darjeeling town has all the topographical features that are commonly found in the hill towns on the Himalayan range. The general topography is very much undulated with steep slopes.

CLIMATE

The climate in Darjeeling from March to May and from Mid-September to Mid-November is salubrious. The average annual rainfall is 2812 mm and the average relative humidity is 32%. The mean maximum and the mean minimum temperature are 16.7°C & 10.2 °C, the maximum and the minimum temperatures being 23.5°C and 0.9°C.

GEOLOGY

The hills are made up of sedimentary and metamorphic rocks of various kinds, greatly affected by the complexities of geological movements. The terrain has an inbuilt instability that makes it prone to landslides.

POPULATION – PAST AND PRESENT
Year Population Year Population
1901 16,924 1961 40,651
1911 19,005 1971 42,873
1921 22,258 1981 57,603
1931 21,185 1991 71,410
1941 27,224 2001 1,07197
1951 33,605 2011 1,20414

As regard tourist population at Darjeeling, it is learnt from the West Bengal Tourism Development Corporation that at present about 150,000 tourists come to Darjeeling every year, of which about 10,000 persons are foreigners. Considering the duration of the tourists season of months in a year the tourists population on an average is 30,000 persons per month. According to the consultants estimated the max. Day number of tourists that can be accommodated in Darjeeling is 7,460 persons by taking into account total accommodation in existing hotels, holiday homes, rest house, bungalows, cottages and private houses. The maximum tourist population in a day during peak season has therefore been taken as 7,500 persons, which figure is expected to reach strength of 8,500 persons by 2001 A.D. and 10,000 persons by 2011 A.D.

LAND USE PATTERN

The present land use pattern updated by the Consultants through reconnaissance survey and fields investigations is presented in drg. No. 8512/DAR/01. According to the report "Integrated Urban Development Projects for Darjeeling" prepared by Development and Planning (T & CP) Department, Government of West Bengal in June, 1982, 375 of the land area of Darjeeling Districts is under forests and about 28,760 hectares are under tea plantations. About 59,000 persons are believed to be working in 144 tea gardens.

In and around Darjeeling Municipal areas the notable tea estates are Happy Valley, Van Tukvar, Patabong, Rungneet, Phoob Tshiring, Ging, Bannock Burn, Pandam, Bloom Field, Arya and Steinthal.

CULTURE

Darjeeling town has a unique character of multi-coloured combination of many ethnic and linguistic group. There are people from different provinces of India as well as Nepalese, Bhutias, Tibetans and Lepchas from the neighbouring states and territories. The different groups of people with diverse culture have made Darjeeling colourful.

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Municipality Notice
Municipality News
  • Chairman and Vice-Chairman

    The Chairman and Vice-Chairman have taken the oath on 21/12/2011 at Municipal Conference Hall along with all the newly elected members.

  • Nominated 5 Councillors

    Chairman in his order dated 23.12.2011 has nominated 5 councillors as member of the Chairman-in-Council under sub section 2 of Section 15 of West Bengal Municipal Act 1993.

  • The members are

    1. SMT SUSHMA RAI
    2. SRI SUREN PAKHRIN
    3. TILAK CHETTRI
    4. SRI SEASHMANI GURUNG
    5. SMT AMBIKA SHARM

  • The oath of Office

    The oath of office has been administered by the Chairman to the Chairman-in-Council member on 23.12.2011 at 2:00 p.m.

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